Pakistan and India came into existence as independent
states in August, 1947. The principle of partition was
specified in the plan : The all Muslim majority areas
were to constitute part of Pakistan and similarly the
Hindu majority areas were to go to India. Besides, the
565 princely States at that time including the State
of Jammu and Kashmir were given the option either to
join Pakistan or India. Such joining to either State
was to be determined by the geographical contiguity
and communal composition of the population. The State
of Jammu and Kashmir with a 77 % Muslims majority (according
to 1941 Census) should have acceded to Pakistan.
The 58 years old dispute between Indian and Pakistan
unfortunately still hangs fire but this fact has not
stopped the Government of Pakistan from going all out
in helping the development and prosperity of Kashmiri
terriorities. The Azad Jammu and Kashmir Council (AJK
Council) is that vital constitutional link, in the interim
which serves as a conduit for the purpose.
The territory is known for its un-spoiled scenic charm,
hydro power , mineral wealth besides being the most
attractive tourist destination.